Hybirs E-Commerce , Cebu IT and other free verse

According the dashboard statistics, my last post is already six months ago. I guess I have been so busy or did not bother to add any content to this site. Right now I am working on Java E-Commerce , Hybris in particular. E-Commerce is one internet innovation that will become a huge market in the future. According to surveys, Hybris leads in huge E-Commerce enterprise, while Magento ( PHP ) leads in medium sized enterprise.

As for the IT industry in Cebu, Philippines, it still on a rapid expansion. With several BPO companies and new buildings constructed until this day. A lot of foreign investors are moving in, such as Japan, USA, Europe as the main investors.

I think that’s all for now, just a short post to keep this site alive ūüôā
Viewership has increased or doubled from 2015 to 2016, not bad for a small site with very few contents. Most views are coming from the UI / UX posts.

ELException in Spring Webflow

If an ELException has occurred in Spring Webflow, check the error message and the method where the error has occurred. In a case that I have encountered, the flowScope variable in the flow.xml file did not match the defined variable in the Service interface file. Below is an example of a correct flow.xml and service.java variable mapping. If in case the return of methodA is changed to Integer instead of String, this will throw an ELExeption on runtime. However, the code will compile without any errors.

Service Interface file (Interface.java)

public interface InterfaceService {


String methodA(){



String methodB(String parameterB){



Service Implementation file (Implementation.java)

public class Implementation implements InterfaceService {

//implements methodA and methodB

Spring webflow (flow.xml) file

<evaluate expression="InterfaceService.methodA()" result="flowScope.stringValue" />
<evaluate expression="InterfaceService.methodB(stringValue)"/>

EL is an abreviation of Expresion Language in Spring Webflow. The flowScope variable is one of several variables provided by Spring Webflow. Other Spring Webflow variables such as requestScope, flashScope and viewScope can also cause an ELException when a mismatch of data types occur.

Spring documentation on EL ( Expression Language ) and flowScope found in 4.4.1

Resolving library and dependency errors in ant+ivy

In the case when there are library and dependency errors in java files or in any xml configuration, here is how to the fix issues when using ant+ivy.

First is to look for the ivy.xml files under the libraries folder. Then, highlight all ivy.xml files , right click and select “resolve”. Ivy will then retrieve and resolve the libraries and dependencies by using an eclipse process, which will take several minutes. After the process has ended, check if the errors still exist. In some cases, this basic troubleshooting is the simple solution.

Apache Ant is a Java build script, which is similar / or a competitor to Maven. The Ant build scripts do not have the library dependency download ( from the internet ) function that Maven has, but with Ivy, Ant can now have the library dependency dowload function.

See the sample screenshot of the ivy.xml files




Spring MVC and Spring Webflow basic and simple explanation

Spring MVC basic and simple explanation

1. As a pre-requisite, org.springframework libraires are to be downloaded and added in the project.

2. All mappings are declared in the Controller Class, not in any xml files.

3. @RequestMapping annotation maps the specific URI as accessed by the the browser.

Ex. Map the URI “/welcome” and when the complete URI http://localhost:8080/spring2/welcome
is accessed by the browser, the Controller Class with “welcome” @RequestMapping is accessed.

4. A specific method will return the ModelAndView Class, where the jsp file name is
the String constructor initialization of the ModelAndView class.

Ex. ModelAndView model = new ModelAndView(“HelloWorldPage”);
where HelloWorldPage is the name of the jsp file

5. All other general configurations are set in spring-mvc-config.xml and web.xml files.

See a more comprehensive tutorial here:



Spring Web MVC and Spring Webflow combined.

Spring Web MVC is the url->to-> controller mapping, while Spring Webflow is the transition controller of a page to another page using a flow configuration.

If both frameworks are combined, the¬†Spring Web MVC will return the initial page, then in this initial page, an option to transfer to another page is processed by the Spring Webflow¬†using xml configuration, then the Spring libraries takes care of the rest….

here’s a neat post where Spring Web MVC and Spring Webflow is combined, for comparison.


Struts + Spring + Hibernate Integration

Posted on 2014/07/20, Updated on 2015/08/30

Update: For new software development or building a new website from ground-up, there is better design alternative instead of using the Struts framework. Using JSTL is a better alternative, and here is a post in Webpage development using JSTL, Javascript, and JQuery. For older webpage systems, created before 2014, the Java and Struts combination is popular, and therefore a lot of legacy systems runs using these technologies.

Let’s Remember these important files that are needed in configuration of a Java Web application.
( Which includes Spring, Hibernate, and Struts )

web.xml – Servlet class to URL mapping
applicationContext.xml – Spring mapping of Bean/Object injection
struts.xml – maps the defined action to the servlet ( action class is needed in struts ) to the result jsp
hibernate.cfg.xml– database connection such as JDBC name , user/password to access the database name is defined here
<classname>.hbm.xml – the database table hibernate mapping file

index.jsp – the initial action URL, the startpage


1.) Define org.springframework.web.context.ContextLoaderListener as the listener and org.apache.struts2.dispatcher.FilterDispatcher as the filter in web.xml

2.) Basically Spring is used here to create the predefined values, as these can be done by using the bean property injection in applicationContext.xml

Here’s a detailed explanation at this site: http://www.tutorialspoint.com/struts_2/struts_spring.htm

Website Login Security : Comparison of Java and PHP

Login and authentication is the basic and important function in almost all websites. I will just give a summary of my research and how login and authentication is done in JAVA and PHP.


By using Spring Securities and Spring MVC jars ( by using Maven or downloading the jar files from the internet ), Website login can be easily created by following tutorial instructions. The basic tutorial with authentication can be created in just one day ( according to my experience ). SQL authentication is not yet included from the basic, but can be easily added. Knowledge of Spring MVC and Servlet Filters are also needed to understand the concept.

Spring Security tutorials by Mkyong

The basic Spring Security example


I also researched on how to this in PHP, and saw results with core PHP and another using Laravel. PHP is known to have very unstable and messy code ( which is why maintainability is an issue ). But with Laravel Framework, PHP code is improved.

PHP hardcode using MYSQL database for secure login

PHP authentication using Laravel

Laravel features discussed including login and authentication

PHP and JAVA codes are very different in syntax and implementation, and both languages has its advantage and disadvantage.

Java Design Pattern: Observer-Observable

The Observer-Observable pattern:

A design pattern that allows a function to run when a certain event is triggered. It is a reactive design that is different compared to a polling or a time based retrieval triggered design ( think of linux cronjob for example ). It uses a “wait and react” concept.

First let us define what is an Observer and Observable:

1. Observer – The object that will Observe the events and trigger the actions and functions that are defined in the registered Observable. In the design, Observable objects are to be added/registered in the Observer object. The Observer serves as the “Controller” of this design.

2. Observable – The object that contains the function to be executed. But this function will only be called if, a.) It is triggered by the Observer, and b.) If this Observable is registered in this Observer.

Real scenario of an Observer-Observable design:

This design is mostly used on integration of modules. A module/system will just register to another module/system. The registered module/system ( the Observable ) will wait for a trigger from the ( Observer ) where it is registered. The design has a loose coupling and therefore no repeating loop or pooling is implemented between the Observer and Observable.

Implementation in Java

To create the Observable, just extend the Observable to your class. Then under this Observable class, call setChanged(); and notifyObservers(); in the function that will be triggered by the Observer.

To create the Observer, just extend the Observer to your class. Create an update() function in this Observer which will then be called whenever there is a call to the Observable class that contains the setChanged(); and notifyObservers(); functions.

To bind the Observer and Observable, register the Observable in the Observer using the add(); function with the Observable object as the parameter.


Very simple example from the internet.